What is Hip Dysplasia?
Most common osteorarticular disease in dogs.
It typically ocurrs in large and midium size dogs and is less common in small breeds.
It ocurrs when the femoral head (ball) becomes dislocated, outside its natural place within the hip socket (acetabulum)
By not being contained by the hip socket, the femoral head moves and causes stress to the area, inflaming and weakening the joint and periarticular tissues.
Common breeds at-risk of Hip Dysplasia: BullDogs, Dogo de Bordeaux, Saint Bernards, Napolitan Mastiffs, German shepherds, Rottweilers, Golden retreivers… all of them have an incidence above 20%.
Minimal alteration with small subluxation and scarce degenerative changes.
The 50-75 % of femoral head is outside the acetabulum: important degenerative changes are present.
Marked lateral femoral head subluxation, 25-50 % outside the acetabulum
Femoral head luxation with obvious flattening of the cranial acetabular edge and deformation of the femoral head; important degenerative changes are present.
Unfortunately, the symptoms of hip dysplasia in your pet may be less noticeable when the disease first develops. However, the symptoms will become more intense as your pet ages.
Reluctance to play
Difficulty or reluctance rising, jumping, running or climbing stairs
Stiffness or limping
"Bunny hopping" gait
"Swaying gait" during walk
Lameness in the hind end